The Technical debt is mainly the concept in programming which reflects extra or additional development work that arises while the code is simple to implement in the short run is generally used rather than applying the best solution. On the other hand, Technical debt is mainly associated with the extreme level of programming, particularly in context for refactoring.
Developers essentially deal with such issues: the key idea or thought of developing the apps that are designed perfectly, system and software, etc. Clean as well as the well-designed code permits the future iterations along with the innovation to be simply implemented. On the other hand, in the setting of a business, time, as well as resources, usually means that the developers cannot produce perfect and clean code before delivering the product.
Technicalities about the technical debt
The term Technical debt does not consist of ignoring or even delaying things such as functionalities that were not created intentionally.
Rather than this, the debt is mainly incurred when they select to delay a better set of coding and building some of the internal pieces which should be there, for diverse reasons. But such an option is to ignore some pieces that are well understood that it can impede some of the future development and also delivery when it is left undone – and when the team does not go back for resolving mediocre code or the address the bugs, the result is about cumulative interest. Though the technical debt may even refer to the part of the software development, and it gets associated commonly with intense programming, specifically refactoring. Here, Refactoring is restructuring the current code being a part of the development process.
Identifying Technical Debt
Mentioned below are some of the warning signs which are created by the project and lead to technical debt:
– The Code smells are quite subtle as compared to the logic errors and it indicates the problems which are quite possible to impact the complete quality of the performance that causes the crash.
– High levels related to complexity — while technologies overlap one other.
– Product bugs cause some of the complete crash of the system.
– Issues with the style of coding- Here developing a guide for coding style and following it rigorously will certainly help to overcome this kind of issue.
– A key thing to keep a note at such a stage is that in case it is left unaddressed, the red flags might result in the high total cost for ownership, a long time to market along with reduced agility. They may even negatively impact the experience and customer security and delight.
Different kinds of Technical Debt
1. Planned Technical Debt – It occurs when a company makes a well-informed decision for generating technical debt with a complete understanding of consequences such as costs and risks. In the case of the planned technical debt, this is crucial to be precise about defining compromises about the organization that intends. An instance can be: to meet the new release of the deadline, we have also decided to forego and writing the unit tests in the final weeks of the project. As these decisions may simply accumulate quickly over time, it is quite much imperious to maintain the record. Doing this will certainly increase the likelihood that the technical debt will perfectly get addressed and also paid down quicker. Else, it could quickly be simply forgotten, possibly costing the company some big-time in the long run.
2. Unintentional Technical Debt – It mainly refers to unplanned technical debt which arises because of the poor practices. For instance, a design approach that ends up contains several errors. Such kind of technical debt at times occurs as a direct result of the poor communication in your organization or when goals about operations and Development are not properly aligned.
3. Unavoidable Technical Debt – It happens because of the changes in business and progress related to technology over time which presents some enhanced solutions. It specifically arises when there is a change in the scope and it is requested for mid-project, which results in instant cost like adding the new feature to your current design that can better support the delivery of the mobile. In short, the term technical debt is developed while the requirements of new businesses make old code to be obsolete.
What makes Technical Debt?
The Code which is not right might consist of various issues. The issues might even be related to structure, architecture, duplication, comments, documentation, code smell, and test coverage. Such kind of issues incurring technical debt hurts productivity.
The Technical Debt might also emerge during the life of the project. As time progresses you can also simply understand new about the domain of application. You might also view the initial architecture as having to acquire the technical debt.
Is it bad to have Technical Debt?
Taking the short cut to put the viable product on the market that delivers the business value is usually a not bad decision. But you should also be quite much conscious that Technical Debt incurred could hurt you.
At some point in time, the team must also pay back some part of accrued Technical Debt. There are some diverse ways to do this, and also there is not any magic that fits every different situation. To completely understand the situation as well as to establish the specific and the relevant strategy, Technical Debt must be made completely transparent as well as perfectly analyzed.
How you can analyze TD?
All items of Technical Debt are not the same. To clearly understand such a situation, for choosing and prioritizing the refactoring or improvement of the activities, it is crucial to analyze. To prioritize the task of repayment, it is crucial to simply identify as well as assess dependencies between any of the scopes for changes. As an instance, it will also be mindless for fixing two issues that are located in two different instances of the duplicated block. This is much efficient to initially fix the issue of copy and paste and after then you may fix the remaining of the issue within remaining of the block.
The Technical debt usually sounds similar to the financial term, that is the reason that where this programming theory has its roots. While it comes about software development, the technical debt is an idea or thought which certainly need the necessary work that gets delayed at the time of development of the software project to hit the specific deliverable or any specific deadline.